Baeva L.V.

South-Russian and Siberian Frontier: Analogies and Specifc Character  //

Journal of  Siberian Federal University.  Humanities & Social Sciences 5 (2015 8) 994-1002

Baeva South-Russian and Siberian Frontier  


frontier; frontier typology; border zone; frontier personality; Siberian frontier; South- Russian frontier; heterogeneity


The article focuses on the development of the theory of Russian frontier, analysis of its main concepts and topical issues in the field of its practical application. The study is based on the methodology of J. Turner, the author of the American frontier conception. The article dwells upon the features of the frontiers of Siberia and Southern Russia, reveals their common features such as heterogeneity, vectorality, struggle for resources, religious conflicts, instability of boundaries, suburban position, lifestyle free from traditions, etc. The analysis of the history of the conquest of southern suburbs and Siberia results in the conclusions about the nature of the process of the development of Russian metropolis, the peculiarities of the process of colonization of surrounding regions. Special attention is paid to the study of “a frontier personality” defined as a personality open to new solutions, choices, and changes of places, highly sensitive to the new, mentally free, creative, having a syncretical vision of reality and devoid of traditional stereotypical behavior. Analysis of the history of frontiers shows that these areas still remain marginal and unregulated by the Center. In modern period this leads to a reverse reaction, formation of a frontier aimed at “opening up” of Russia by its neighbors (“opening up” of Central Asia by the countries of the Caucasus and Siberia by China)