The existential tradition, which in the XX century was successfully applied in psychology and humanistic psychotherapy, is developed in the study of the existence of modern human. The object of the study is the existentials of the individual being, the theoretical analysis of which was started in the works of M. Heidegger and continued by psychologist M. Boss. On the basis of the works of Heidegger and Zollikon seminars presented human existentials, such as openness, temporality, spatiality, physicality, care, etc., developed and supplemented in the writings of M. Boss. The theory of existentials is used as a methodology for studying the features of human existence in a digital society. From the position of existential- axiological approach, the features of modern existentials are shown, taking into account the transformation of the perception of space, temporality, body, the Other in the conditions of electronic culture, simulation forms of communication. Special attention is paid to the exis- tentials of “being-to-death”, openness and freedom, the nature of which is undergoing signif- icant changes in the digital existence. Avoiding the limitations of a definite optimistic or sceptical of the conclusions shown are typical for e-culture manifestations of the ontology of the person: antinomies of freedom and non-freedom, global communication and loneliness, engagement and escapism, a network of objectification and ultimate expression. On the basis of the existential approach shows the features of human existence in the space of electronic culture associated with the manifestations of transparency and closeness, virtualization, rela- tionships with Others, offset the perception of reality, time, body in terms of spatial and temporal heterotopia and E-culture.
KEY WORDS: existential-axiological approach, existentials, M. Heidegger, M. Boss, electronic culture, digital existence, body, spatiality, temporality, openness.

BAEVA Liudmila V. – Astrakhan State University, 20a, Tatischev Street, Astrakhan, 414056, Russian Federation.
DSc in Philosophy, Professor, Dean of Department of Social Communications, Astra- khan State University.

Citation: Baeva, Ludmila V. (2019) ‘The Existentials Theory of M. Heidegger and M. Boss and the Analysis of Human Existence in the Conditions of Electronic Culture’, Voprosy Filosofii, Vol. 4 (2019), pp. 23–32.